Myrcene health benefit and fragrance information

Myrcene is an natural organic compound classified as a hydrocarbon and a monoterpene. Myrcene is obtained from the essential oil from the plants bay, verbena, myrcia and others. It can also be synthesized by the pyrolysis of pinene.

Myrcene is one of the most important chemicals used in the perfume industry. Because of its pleasant odor, it is occasionally used directly. But it is also highly valued as an intermediate for the preparation of flavor and fragrance chemicals such as menthol, citral, citronellol, citronellal, geraniol, nerol, and linalool.

Myrcene antioxidant benefits
Protective effect of linalool, myrcene and eucalyptol against t-butyl hydroperoxide induced genotoxicity in bacteria and cultured human cells.
Food Chem Toxicol. 2009; Mitić-Culafić D, Zegura B, Knezević-Vukcević J, Filipic M. Mitić-Culafić D, Zegura B, Nikolić B, Vuković-Gacić B, Knezević-Vukcević J, Filipic M. Chair of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
We studied the protective effect of monoterpenes myrcene, eucalyptol and linalool against t-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BOOH) induced genotoxicity. Our results indicate that linalool, eucalyptol and myrcene have substantial protective effect against oxidant induced genotoxicity, which is predominately mediated by their radical scavenging activity.

Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Bupleurum montanum and B. plantagineum.
Nat Prod Commun. 2009; Laouer H, Hirèche-Adjal Y, Singh P, Isidorov VA, Szczepaniak L. Laboratory of Natural Resources Valorization, Department of Biology, Ferhat Abbas University, Setif, Algeria.
The hydrodistilled oils from the aerial parts of Bupleurum montanum and B. plantagineum, which are endemic to North Africa, including Algeria, were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Ninety-eight compounds were detected in the oil of B. montanum, representing 98% of the total oil, and 68 in the oil of B. plantagineum, representing 99.8% of the total. Megastigma-4,6-(E),8(2)-triene was the major constituent of B. montana oil (25%). Other important compounds were myrcene, alpha-pinene and benzyl tiglate. Conversely, the major constituents of the oil of B. plantagineum were alpha-pinene (31%), cis-chrysanthenyl acetate (28%), and myrcene (24%), followed by the monoterpene hydrocarbon limonene (5.1%). The mutagenic, antiplasmodial and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils were individually evaluated against eleven microorganisms, using the agar diffusion method, by determination of MIC values. The investigated oils exhibited moderate antimicrobial activity. Maximum activity of the oils was observed against Nocardia asteroides, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis. Fungicidal activity against Candida albicans was also found for both oils.

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